Gum Disease

Good oral hygiene is paramount in avoiding gum disease and tooth decay. Confidence grows from having healthy teeth, gums and fresh breath. Here at ConfiDental Clinic, Clapham Junction, Battersea our team of dentists and hygienists work in conjunction which enables us to offer the latest in preventative treatments to promote healthy teeth and gums. We are also privileged to have a Specialist Periodontist, Dr Marina Arzoumanidi who specialises in the treatment of periodontal disease (gum disease).

What is gum Disease?

Gum disease is the most common cause of tooth loss in the UK and it is caused by plaque, a film of bacteria which forms on the surface of teeth and gums daily. Gum disease can be more severe in smokers, due to the nicotine build up which attracts bacteria and plaque to form. Even with regular brushing, flossing and use of mouthwashes, plaque can still accumulate in areas difficult to reach such as back teeth, between the teeth, tongue side surfaces and below the gum line. If not removed sufficiently, it can turn into tartar (calculus) which can only be removed with a professional cleaning or periodontal treatment. If left without treatment, a build-up of plaque or calculus can lead to bad breath, decay to teeth and inflammation of the gums, which in turn could in time develop into bone loss, loose teeth and even their eventual loss.

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums and is an initial stage of gum disease. It is caused by plaque and tartar build up. If caught early, symptoms can be treated and prevent progression onto gum disease.

At ConfiDental Clinic, Clapham Junction, your hygienist will monitor the condition of your gums for signs of disease and any pocketing (areas on bone loss) which may have developed around the teeth. These are measured and recorded using a periodontal probe. Measuring and recording the areas of pocketing is the best way to assess the progression of  gum disease and gauge treatment success.

The plaque and calculus that has formed will be removed using either or both, hand scalers and an ultrasonic scaler (vibrating tip with water). Deep subgingival (below the gumline) cleaning will be carried out where pocketing is present to remove bacteria build up.

Oral cancer screening is carried out at both dental check ups and hygiene appointments.

Using the right products helps enormously with your oral hygiene routine. It is our hygienist’s policy to recommend particular products appropriate for you and to show you brushing and interdental cleaning techniques and tips to use every day in your oral cleaning regime.

Our hygienist’s are also able to offer Prophy Jet treatments which give excellent results in the removal of stains caused by smoking, red wine, coffee etc. These treatments can be carried out during your hygiene appointment and give you brighter and whiter teeth than polishing alone.

How often should I visit the Hygienist?

Your hygienist will recommend a recall period specific to you. This will vary according to each individual. Some people are advised to return every 3 months, 6 months or 12 months. 

For various reasons, some patient’s require more than one hygiene appointment, for example, if there is an extensive build-up of plaque or calculus, presence of gingivitis/periodontitis etc. The hygienist will inform you at your first appointment and advise you how many hygiene sessions to book.

Following your course of hygiene appointments, you may be required to book a review appointment with your dentist. At this stage it will be decided if a recall period should be set, a further course of hygiene appointments will be needed or possibly a referral to our Specialist Periodontist, Dr Marina Arzoumanidi.

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